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Friday, December 15, 2017

Site of British Victories during Revolutionary War #southcarolinapioneersnet #scgeneaogy #scancestors

The Site of British Victories during Revolutionary War

Kershaw-Cornwallis HouseThe Kershaw-Cornwallis house was originally the home of the founder of Camden, South Carolina, Joseph KKershaw who was a casualty of the Union occupation of Camden in 1865. The village of Camden, so well situated at the head of navigation on the Wateree River, developed as a trading community. Joseph Kershaw was a native of Yorkshire and was named in honor of Lord Camden. It was the setting of two important Revolutionary War battles. One, the Battle of Camden which occurred during August of 1780 when Lord Cornwallis assumed possession of the newly built mansion of Kershaw. His excoriating defeat of General Horatio Gates was his crowning moment. Also, a German nobleman, Major-General Baron Johann de Kalb was mortally wounded in that battle. The British were later victorious at the Battle of Hobkirk's Hill in April of 1781. General Nathaniel Greene had hoped to take the town but his forces were routed in a surprise attack by the enemy under Lord Francis Rawdon-Hastings. Later, George Washington visited Camden in a tour of the country during 1791.

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Thursday, December 14, 2017

How many people were on Earth at the time of the Flood? #ncgenealogy #northcarolinapioneers

How many people were on Earth at the time of the Flood?

Noah's ArkThe general estimate by some scholars of about 750 million seems low in view of long life spans. Since a generation is 33.3 years, if a person lived to be say 777 years of age, their tenure on earth lasted long enough to have many first-generation children, as well as generations of grandchildren etc. The bible lists Noah with one wife and three sons and their wives who survived the flood, being a total of eight persons. Today, 7.6 billion people are the descendants of Noah and his three sons, Japheth, Shem and Ham. But we are not having ten or more children! At the time of the flood, however, the math is intriguing. The life-span of pre-flood patriachs (Adam through Noah) was 777 years to 969 years. Each of the patriachs is described as having other sons and daughters in addition to the ones mentioned in the bible. Therefore, each of them had at least ten children. Also, the patriarchs continued to have children when they themselves were 200 years of age and older. Josephus, the famous Jewish historian of the first century reported that Adam and Eve had 56 children, 33 sons and 23 daughters. Noah's three known sons had at least 16 sons between them. Seven of the grandsons of Noah had at least 38 sons. After the flood, one could calculate an average of 10 or 11 children per family. This is a low estimate considering the high rate of longevity. There could easily have been a poplulation pre-flood of 10 trillion people! Zowie! That is a lot of wicked people! Realizing that there were only eight righteous people out of about ten trillion persons (Enoch and his city had already been taken from the earth), one might agree that the earth needed some cleansing. Hence, the analysis of historians that mankind were animal-like creatures residing inside of caves who first had to discover the thumb, then fire, before they could civilize themselves, is just plain silly. Plato's "tale" of Atlantis lends itself more to truth than speculation. It seems reasonable that this grand city pre-dated the flood and that the legend of his disappearance was told down the ages. Surely the flood buried plains and mountains and great civilizations deep in the cavities of the earth. Yet, even unto this generation, mankind is just now beginning to discover underwater the footprints of the past. The idea that the Egyptians, descendants of Ham (who came after the flood) used thousands of slaves to haul things around and construct pyramids, seems to say "gosh, those people were dumb!" The Atlanta exhibit at the Civic Center of the tomb of King Tut displays some unusual creative talent. Among the treasures of the life-style of King Tut, were numerous cart and wheels, and notably, a miniature "gear" constructed of steel and perfect in every detail. Yet, the wisdom is that the Egyptians did not have gears, nor wheels, only slaves. Our generation is yet to find all of the pyramids or ancient cities of the earth, much less properly interpret and assign the proper era to that which is discovered. Which begs the question, do ideas, and the technological innovations of today exceed those of the past in ingenuity and brilliance, or, are we simply "catching up?" 

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Wednesday, December 13, 2017

Unknown Ions of Time #ncgenealogy #northcarolinapioneers

Unknown Ions of Time

rosetta stoneUnknown ions of time have passed since the generations of Adam and Eve and our memories fail us in so many ways. The modern age, from the 17th century forward,has collected written records of itself. That is not to say that there weren't written records of past eras. There was, and most of those discovered have been translated, thanks to the rosetta stone. If we can examine two codes, one written in a language that we understand, then more information can be gleaned from the oldest discovered records. As far as I know, the oldest egyptian tombs date back to ca 5000 B. C., with the date written upon the walls. As far as I am concerned, if one has a written date, that is an excellent starting point, rather than carbon (or any other) dating system. Actually, we are on a learning curve of translating the written records of the modern age. The reason is that Latin was the dominant language, and the characters are uniquely different. The script used in earlier times, during the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries is no longer taught in schools. However, we can translate these documents with the use of a chart of the colonial alphabet. Then, transpose a name into the old format. This beginning will assist our surname search through old records and eventually help to define the document itself. This method, then, becomes our "rosetta stone. "

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Tuesday, December 12, 2017

Monuments Help us to Remember #ncgenealogy #northcarolinapioneers

Monuments Help us to Remember

General Joseph Johnston StatueThe statue of General Johnston is located on private property along Harper House Road one quarter mile east of the Bentonville Battlefield Visitor's center. How many names, places and dates can you remember from the last five years? How about 10, or 100? When I was growing up, the rule was that we needed to hear something seven times before remembering. School itself was a repetitive experience of reviewing past historical events, people, places and dates. Archaeologists have dug? up ancient stalags and stones along the Nile as well as in South America which defined the life-style, yet written in languages no longer used today. In South America, the writings marked the names of rulers, and dates. Only, it was until after 1970s that important break-throughs were made in the translations. It seems as though mankind has always attempted to leave his mark. Not to mention cities, roads and vessels found buried in the seas of the world. Modern machinery and technology is able to detect impressions in the landscape, shapes and locate ancient settlements. The population of today is 7.6 billion people. That is to say, the descendants of Noah and his three sons. Consider how much more of the past has gone undiscovered! Despite our work at preservation, there are always wars, fires and other events which destroy records. Thus, it would seem that stone monuments is a ready means of preserving details which are soon forgotten. The monuments found while touring of parks and other historical sites helps to joggle our memory, just as school lessons once did. 

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Monday, December 11, 2017

Impressions in the Soil #ncgenealogy #northcarolinapioneers

Impressions in the Soil

broken tombstonesWhile visiting cemeteries, no doubt everyone has noticed the flat impressions in the soil which suggest a burial. Actually, if we observe closely, there are many burials without markers or tombstones. Not much time has to pass before a grave is lost in the transmogrification of the soil. For example, slate, which was in popular use as tombstones in former times, breaks and falls to the ground. The rains fall into the concavity. After awhile, the fragments of the tombstone disappears. Stone markers also crumble and fall to the ground. And if that did not occur naturally, the graveyard was likely vandalized. Perhaps, if we dig around an impression, we will discover another grave. Nevertheless, should this impression be located in a family grave-lot or nearby, we are aware that someone is missing. Consider the time when Egyptian burial sites were were dug up, and mummies used for fire, or taken on tour around the world and displayed for money. Museums acquire skulls and skeletons. Smithsonian Institute has gobs of them.

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Sunday, December 10, 2017

Immigrants from New Hampshire to North Carolina #ncgenealogy #northcarolinapioneers

From New Hampshire to North Carolina

Southern PinesR. M. Couch, a resident of Southern Pines for eight years, left his home in New Hampshire upon the advice of his physician. " Within five years there have been planted in this immediate section 1500 acres in fruit, and in order that your readers may have the advantage of direct correspondence with any or all the growers of fruit, I will give the names from memory: C. J. Eaglesfield was the pioneer on a small scale; S. N. Whipple, extensive peach, plum, grape and nut farm; Van Lindly Orchard Co., 350 acres peach, pear, plum and blackberry; Niagara Grape Co., 107 acres in grapes; Southern Pines Fruit-Growing Co., eighty acres in grapes; Benjamin Douglas, Jr., of Orange, N. J.; Tarbell & Carlton, H. P. Bilyeu, Dr. C. W. Weaver, C. D. Tarbell, Thomas Carlton, Fred Oberhouserheur, James H. Murray, S. W. Thomas, Charles H. Thompson, Edwin Newton, Doctors Boynton, Stevens and R. M. Couch, Rev. A. A. Newhall, B. Van Herff, J. T. Wilson, Dr. W. P. Swett, H. P. Stebbins, J. A. Morriss, R. S. Marks, L. S. Johnson, C. C. Mitchell, John Huttonhomer, F. J. Folley, Rev. J. W. Johnston, Mrs. L. A. Raymond, Mrs. Louisa Young, P. Pond, Fred Dixon and others. There were shipped from this point last season 150 tons, being the first bearing year of the oldest vineyards of much size. The bearing vineyards and orchards the coming season will more than double the shipments, and in two years all the vineyard trees mentioned will come to bearing. The prices in Washington and New York last July were six and seven cents per pound for black grapes, and thirteen and fourteen cents per pound for Delaware and Niagara, and $3.50 to $4.50 per bushel crate for peaches and plums. The demand was as good at the close of the season as at first. Write to Dr. C. W. Weaver, S. N. Whipple, H. P. Bilyeu, C. D. Tarbell, C. B. Mabore for prices obtained for their own shipments. Dr. Weaver realized from three acres of his best Delaware grapes $150 per acre net. Southern Pines is a town eight years old, in the midst of the turpentine region of North Carolina, sixty-eight miles southwest from Raleigh, on the Raleigh & Augusta Railroad (part of the Seaboard Air Line), fifteen hours from New York, and is six hundred feet above sea level, the highest point in the whole turpentine belt. The soil is a sandy loam and has a perfect drainage. Malaria is unknown. The presence of the long-leafed pine in large quantities causes the generation of ozone to such a degree as to make this locality almost a specific for throat and lung difficulties. Many physicians and a large number of the cured and benefited testify to its wonderful effects. The town is filled mainly with Northern people, and has four hotels, a good school, and church services every Sabbath. There are three stores, and railroad, telegraph and express offices. There are many fine residences and a large hotel 300 feet long and four stories is being built with modern improvements." 

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Saturday, December 9, 2017

Tax Digests are so Important to Finding the Ancestors #ncgenealogy #northcarolinapioneers

Why Tax Digests Are So Important to Genealogy Research

All tax digests should be studied for the supposed time period that the ancestors where in the county. What that does is prove the residence for a specified era. The tax digests are not alphabetical, so we have to thumb through all of the pages to find anything. However, at some point, people moved on. What the genealogist must do is ascertain how long they were in the county, the neighbors, tracts of land, water courses, and so on. Then get out a map and determine the probable roads into another region of the country. All tax digests lists persons who have defaulted on their taxes, usually found as the last page of each district. The default list does not necessarily reflect persons who refused to pay their property taxes. Rather, from the genealogist's point of view it lends itself more as a report of those who have either died or removed to another county. If the date is close to a mortality census (every 10 years), you can look there. Otherwise, if the person is old enough to have died, then searching the local cemeteries in the area is indicated. In the case of Georgia residents, there were many land lotteries, beginning in 1801 and going to 1832, so this is a good source to check. People were on the go. After the 1832 gold lottery in Georgia, people were moving westward in the state and into Alabama and Mississippi. This same type of trend follows in all of the original thirteen states. What I usually do is read every page of the county tax digest where my ancestor resided, recording the description of acreage, number of acres, names of neighbors, waterways, district, etc. (whatever the tax digest provides) for each year, then trace that same acreage forward. This information provides a time-line for when he resided in the county. When his name no longer appears, I search the default list. As I said, people were on the move. A sensible place to search next is the adjoining counties because the old parent county lines changed with the ascent of the formation of new counties. Next, I look at marriages with that surname. This also gives me a time-line of the marriages of the sons and daughters as well as an idea of whether or not any members of the family were still around. If there was a ten or twenty year gap, say, that means that the older generation has either died or moved away. Of course, a thorough search of the deed records tells a better story, but there may be little or nothing there. 

Laurel Mill
Laurel Mill near Gupton, North Carolina. Owner: Jordan Jones. 

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